|The Anglican Chapel, Blackburn Cemetery 19th century (reproduced with kind permission of the Friends of Blackburn Old Cemetery)|
Elizabeth Ann Lewis was born in Shropshire in 1849 to farm labourer George Lewis and his wife, Ann. In 1867, she married Thomas Lewis, a coach builder from Cheshire. The couple settled in Blackburn, where Elizabeth Ann was horrified by the scale of alcohol addiction and public drunkenness.
Celebrated as the "Temperance Queen" or "Drunkard's Friend", Lewis dedicated her life to improving conditions for the working classes. She challenged the town's 600 licensed premises by establishing temperance bars where customers could drink herbal alternatives to beer, like sarsaparilla or dandelion and burdock. She also introduced musical entertainment.
Above is the front of "Mrs Lewis"'s grave. Below is the eulogy on the back, praising her philanthropic work. It reads:
THIS STONE WAS ERECTED BY LOVING
ADMIRERS IN ALL PARTS OF THE WORLD
INTO "THE DRUNKARD'S FRIEND" WHO
FOR OVER FORTY YEARS DEVOTED
HER LIFE TO SPREADING THE BLESSINGS
OF TEETOTALISM AND TRAINING THE YOUNG
TO WALK IN WISDOM'S WAYS.
"SHE WENT ABOUT DOING GOOD."
Thomas Thwaites (c. 1809-1871)
One of the challenges to Mrs Lewis' endeavours was the beer industry. In 1807, Daniel Thwaites established Thwaites Brewery in Blackburn. On his death in 1843, the brewery was inherited by Daniel junior, John and Thomas. Thomas and John stepped down from the business in the 1850s, leaving Daniel in sole control of the company and its large profits. Daniel went on to serve as Blackburn's Conservative MP between 1875 and 1880.
When his brother, Thomas Thwaites, died in 1871, he was buried under a fine monument in Blackburn Cemetery.Also in the grave are the daughter of Daniel and Frances, Frances Mary Thwaites (died 1975), Thomas's son James Thwaites (died 1899), his wife Mary Thwaites (died 1863) and son Edward Thwaites (1857).
Frederick John Kempster, the "English Giant" or "Blackburn Giant" (1889-1918)
As the above entry in the burial register on the Deceased Online website shows, Frederick Kempster died in Blackburn Workhouse at the age of 29. Originally from west London, Kempster moved to Wiltshire with his older sister. By 1911 he was over 7 feet tall and began working in show business as a "giant". In 1918, he was working in Blackburn with the circus when he caught pneumonia and died.
Publicity material for Kempster's employer, Astley & Co.'s American Circus, suggested his height was anywhere between 8 and 9 feet. Evidence from hospital records suggest he was around 7 feet 9 inches (2.36 metres). A note in the burial register reads that his coffin was extra large: "A Gaint [Giant] Coffin 9" long".
Kempster lies in an 11 foot long grave in the cemetery under a stone commissioned by his friend, "Billy":
IN AFFECTIONATE REMEMBRANCE OF
FREDERICK JOHN KEMPSTER
(THE BRITISH GIANT)
DIED APRIL 15TH 1918
AGED 29 YEARS
GONE BUT NOT FORGOTTEN BY BILLY
James Pitts VC (1877-1955)
Deceased Online database.
A hero of the Siege of Ladysmith in the Boer War, Blackburn-born Pitts earned his VC as a Private in the 1st Battalion, Manchester Regiment alongside Robert Scott. His citation reads that Pitts and Scott, "held their post for fifteen hours without food or water, all the time under an extremely heavy fire". Pitts went on to serve in the First World War as a Corporal and was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal in 1918.
James Dixon (1855-1936)
James Dixon is celebrated in Blackburn as a philanthropist. Known as "The Blackburn Samaritan", he founded the Ragged School and the orphanage at Wilpshire.
Born in Scotland, Dixon moved to Blackburn to find work as a joiner. Troubled by the poverty and deprivation he found there, Dixon began his philanthropic work as a Sunday School teacher in 1881 when he and John Walkden founded the Blackburn Ragged School. On its first evening, 198 children attended - many drawn by the promise of a free bun. A few years later, Dixon used the remainder of his savings to establish an orphanage which opened on Whalley Road in 1891. Dixon served as its superintendent until 1933.
John Lewis (1855-1926)
|One of a number of benches donated by the Friends of Blackburn Old Cemetery for visitors to rest and enjoy the beautiful Lancastrian views.|
I end with a note of special thanks for Maurice Ffelan, Louise Thornley and other members of the Friends of Blackburn Old Cemetery who have kindly allowed me to use their images in this blog post. You can see more photographs on the Friends' Facebook page. If you are interested in visiting the Cemetery, the Friends organise regular guided tours where you can learn more about the people featured in this post.
If you have visited the cemetery or would like to tell us about your ancestors who are buried there, please get in touch via our Facebook or Twitter pages. We love to hear from you!